When Elvis was king, a look back at 1956

In 1956,

Bach: The Goldberg Variations was released;

Five US missionaries were killed by the Huaorani people of Ecuador;

The Winter Olympics were held in Cortina d’Ampezzo;

Elvis Presley released, “Heartbreak Hotel,”

Doris Day’s released her signature song “Que Sera, Sera (Whatever Will Be, Will Be),”

Morocco and Tunisia declared independence from France,

The Dow Jones Industrial Average closed over 500 for the first time,

My Fair Lady opened on Broadway,

Marty was named the best film of 1955

Pakistan became the first Islamic republic,

As the World Turns debuted on CBS,

Grace Kelly married Rainier III, Prince of Monaco;

Rocky Marciano retired without losing a boxing match in his career;

The United Methodist Church allowed women to become clergy for the first time,

The first Eurovision Song Contest was broadcast;

Elvis Presley performed a controversial version of “Hound Dog” on The Milton Berle Show;

The Summer Olympics were held in Melbourne;

Gamal Abdel Nasser became the 2nd President of Egypt;

Marilyn Monroe married Arthur Miller;

President Dwight Eisenhower signed the Federal Aid Highway Act;

Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis performed their last comedy show together;

In God we trust” became the US National motto;

Elvis Presley made his first appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show;

The hard disk drive was introduced by IBM;

Don Larsen pitched a perfect game in the World Series;

13-year-old chess prodigy Bobby Fischer defeated grandmaster Donald Byrne in The Game of the Century;

Egypt nationalized the Suez Canal;

The Huntley-Brinkley Report debuted on NBC;

Howl and Other Poems by Allen Ginsberg was published;

Hungary attempted to leave the Warsaw Pact;

The United States Supreme Court affirmed a lower court ruling in Browder v. Gayle, holding bus segregation in Alabama was unconstitutional;

Dwight Eisenhower defeated Adlai Stevenson for the second time to win reelection as President of the United States;

Floyd Patterson became world heavyweight champ;

The “Million Dollar Quartet” played together in Memphis;

Japan joined the United Nations;

To Tell the Truth debuted on CBS;

Bob Barker made his television debut;

Mel Gibson, Davis Caruso, Imelda Staunton, Bill Maher, Geena Davis, Mimi Rogers, Johnny Rotten, Nathan Lane, Aileen Wuornos, Tim Daly, Bryan Cranston, Dana Delany, Steve Ballmer, Ray Combs, Diamond Dallas Page, Andy Garcia, Lars von Trier, Dan Patrick, Sugar Ray Leonard, Bob Saget, Patricia Cornwell, Kenny G., Joe Montana, Randy Jackson, Anthony Bourdain, Chris Isaak, Tom Hanks, Sela Ward, Tony Kushner, Charlie Crist, Dorothy Hamill, Delta Burke, Jim Neidhart, Bruce Greenwood, Rusty Wallace, Adam Arkin, Joan Allen, Paul Molitor, David Copperfield, Gary Cole, Linda Hamilton, Christoph Waltz, Danny Boyle, Carrie Fisher, Dwight Yoakam, Rita Wilson, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, Richard Curtis, Warren Moon, Bo Derek, Dale Jarrett, William Fichtner, and Larry Bird were born;

While Sir Alexander Korda, H.L. Mencken, A.A. Milne, Connie Mack, Fred Allen, Edward Arnold, Jean Hersholt, Jackson Pollock, Bela Lugosi, Alfred Kinsey, Babe Zaharias, Art Tatum, and Tommy Dorsey died.

The following is a list of my ten favorite films released in 1956:

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The 14th year of the reign of second Queen Elizabeth, a look back at the films of 1966

In 1966,

Ken Kesey hosted the first Acid Test;

The Georgia House of Representatives refused to seat Julian Bond;

Vernon Dahmer was murdered in Mississippi;

Robert C. Weaver became the first Secretary of Housing and Urban Development and the first African-American member of the Cabinet of the United States;

Indira Gandhi was elected Prime Minister of India;

Mr. Ed aired its final episode;

NASA astronauts Charles Bassett and Elliot See were killed in an aircraft accident;

John Lennon told a reporter for the London Evening Standard the Beatles were “more popular than Jesus;”

Ronnie Kray murdered George Cornell;

Bobby Hull scored 51 goals for the Chicago Blackhawks;

With five African-American starters, the Texas Western Miners basketball team defeated the University of Kentucky Wildcats to win the NCAA Championship;

The Jules Rimet Trophy was stolen in England;

The Soviet space probe Luna 10 became the first manmade object to orbit the moon;

Leonid Brezhnev became General Secretary of the Soviet Union;

Time asked “Is God Dead?

The Sound of Music was named the best film of 1965;

Haile Selassie visited Jamaica for the first time;

Bobbi Gibb became the first woman to run the Boston Marathon;

The Church of Satan was formed;

The Montreal Canadiens defeated the Detroit Red Wings to win the Stanley Cup;

The Rolling Stones released their song “Paint it Black;”

The Busch Memorial Stadium opened in St. Louis;

The Cultural Revolution began in China;

The Beach Boys released Pet Sounds;

Bob Dylan released Blonde on Blonde;

Gertrude Baniszewski was convicted of the murder of Sylvia Likens;

Guyana was granted independence from Great Britain;

It’s a Small World opened in Disneyland;

The final episode of The Dick van Dyke Show aired;

In Miranda v. Arizona, the US Supreme Court ruled suspects must be informed of their rights before they can be questioned;

Pope Paul VI abolished the Index Librorum Prohibitorum;

Dark Shadows premiered on ABC;

The  National Organization for Women was founded;

US President Lyndon Johnson signed the Freedom of Information Act;

England won the FIFA World Cup;

Richard Speck murdered eight nurses in Chicago;

The Australian children’s program Play School premiered;

Bob Dylan was seriously injured in a motorcycle accident in New York;

Charles Whitman murdered fourteen people from a tower at the University of Texas;

Caesars Palace opened in Las Vegas;

The Beatles released Revolver;

A  performance in Candlestick Park is the last scheduled performance for the Beatles;

Star Trek debuted;

The Monkees premiered on NBC;

The The Metropolitan Opera House opened;

Bobby Seale and Huey P. Newton founded the Black Panther Party;

The Toyota Corolla was introduced;

The Montreal Metro opened;

The AFL and NFL announce plans to merge into one league;

John Lennon met Yoko Ono;

The second Doctor debuted;

Edward Brooke became the first African-American elected to the US Senate since Reconstruction;

In a long awaited second trial, Sam Sheppard was acquitted for the murder of his wife;

Truman Capote hosted the Black and White Ball in honor of Katharine Graham;

Barbados became an independent nation;

Patrick Dempsey, Rainn Wilson, Neal McDonough, Cindy Crawford, Rachel Dratch, Billy Zane, Téa Leoni, Zack Snyder, Michael Irvin, Rodney Peete, Tom Glavine, Robin Wright, Michael Imperioli, Greg Maddux, Jeffrey Dean Morgan, John Daly, Stephen Baldwin, Darius Rucker, Janet Jackson, Thurman Thomas, Mindy Cohn, Lisa Edelstein, H. Jon Benjamin, Helena Bonham Carter, Julianna Margulies, Dikembe Mutombo, J.J. Abrams, John Cusack, Mary Stuart Masterson, Mike Tyson, Matthew Fox, Tim Brown, Dean Cain, Tim Wakefield, Jimmy Wales, Halle Berry, Rik Smits, Tim Hardaway, Salma Hayek, Toby Jones, Adam Sandler, Soledad O’Brien, Sherman Alexie, David Cameron, Luke Perry, Jon Favreau, Matt Drudge, Andy Richter, Adam Horowitz, David Schwimmer, Gordon Ramsay, Curt Shilling, Daisy Fuentes, Sophie Marceau, Troy Aikman, Vincent Cassel, Larry Walker, Fred Armisen, C. Thomas Howell, Sinéad O’Connor, Kirsten Gillibrand, Anthony Mason, and Kiefer Sutherland were born;

While  Hedda Hopper, Buster Keaton, Sophie Tucker, Chester Nimitz, William Frawley, Alice Pearce, Flann O’Brien, Evelyn Waugh, Bob Elliott, Montgomery Clift, Lenny Bruce, Francis X. Bushman, Margaret Sanger, Clifton Webb, and Walt Disney died.

These are my ten favorite film released in 1966:

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Dean’s List

Despite only appearing in three major films before his death at age 24, James Dean was ranked the 18th greatest male film star by the American Film Institute.

This is my ranked list of his films.

Rebel Without a Cause (1955)

3) Rebel Without a Cause (1955)

Teenager Jim Stark (James Dean) moves to Los Angeles with his parents and befriends outcasts Plato (Sal Mineo) and Judy (Natalie Wood). When bullies goad Jim into a game of chicken, it ends in a tragic accident, which, in turn, leads to a confrontation with police at the Griffith Observatory.

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Best of the 1960s

Testament of Orpheus (1960)

In the final film installment of Jean Cocteau’s Orphic trilogy, he encounters characters from his previous films and appears before a tribunal to defend his life and art.

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