Before Elvis and his gyrating hips ruined everything, a look back at 1955

In 1955:

Marian Anderson became the first African-American to perform at the Metropolitan Opera,

The USS Nautilus, the world’s first nuclear-powered submarine, launched,

60,000 non-white residents of Sophiatown were evicted as a result of the South African policy of apartheid,

The short-lived Baghdad Pact was signed,

US President Dwight Eisenhower sent the first US advisors to Vietnam which would eventually lead to US involvement in the Vietnam War,

Jim Henson built the first version of Kermit the Frog,

Claudette Colvin and Rosa Parks were arrested in Montgomery, Alabama for refusing to abide by laws regarding segregation of the city’s buses.

The Broadway musical adaptation of Peter Pan debuted on American television,

6,000 people rioted in Montreal to protest the suspension of the Canadiens star player, Maurice Richard,

Eighty year old Winston Churchill resigned his second term as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom,

Richard J. Daley won his fist election as Mayor of Chicago, a position he held for the next 21 years,

The  Salk polio vaccine was approved by the Food and Drug Administration,

Ray Kroc opened the first McDonald’s,

The $64,000 QuestionGunsmokeAlfred Hitchcock PresentsThe Mickey Mouse ClubThe Honeymooners, and Captain Kangaroo debuted on American television.

Ruth Ellis was the last woman executed in the United Kingdom,

Disneyland opened,

Hurricane Diane struck the northeastern US, causing over one billion dollars in damage,

The first edition of the The Guinness Book of Records was published,

Argentinian President Juan Peron was ousted in a coup,

James Dean was killed in a car accident,

Emmett Till was murdered,

Lady and the Tramp premiered,

Vladimir Nabokov’s controversial novel, Lolita, was published,

The world’s population was 2.7 billion people,

Rowan Atkinson, J.K. Simmons, Kevin Costner, Eddie Van Halen, US Supreme Court Chief Justice John Roberts, John Grisham, Greg Norman, Kelsey Grammer, Jeff Daniels, Steve Jobs, Penn Jillette, Gary Sinise, Bruce Willis, Moses Malone, Reba McEntire, Earl Campbell, Brendan Gleeson, Michael Rooker, Barbara Kingsolver, Dodi Fayed, Judy Davis, Kate Mulgrew, Donatella Versace, Tom Bergeron, Chris Berman, Mark David Chapman, Jack Morris, Debra Winger, Bill Paxton, Chow Yun-Fat, Dana Carvey, Sandra Bernhard, Tim Berners-Lee, Laurie Metcalf, Jimmy Smits, Willem Dafoe, Iman, Billy Bob Thornton, Wayne Knight, Peter Gallagher, Mike Huckabee, Yo-Yo Ma, Darrell Hammond, Bill Gates, Maria Shriver, Roland Emmerich, Whoopi Goldberg, Bill Nye, Howie Mandel, Billy Idol, and Jane Kaczmarek were born,

While  John Mott, Sir Alexander Fleming, Charlie Parker, Albert Einstein, Cordell Hull, Wallace Stevens, Carmen Miranda, Cy Young, Dale Carnegie, Shemp Howard, and Honus Wagner died.

The following is a list of my ten favorite films released in 1955.

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The thirteenth year of the reign of the second Queen Elizabeth, A look back at 1965

In 1965,

Lyndon Johnson unveiled a series of domestic programs known as the Great Society,

The Canadian Maple Leaf Flag premiered,

Joan Rivers debuted on the The Tonight Show,

Martin Luther King Jr. and others organized a series of marches from Selma to Montgomery to protest the treatment of African Americans in the United States,

The United States passed the Voting Rights Act,

Russian cosmonaut Alexey Leonov became the first person to walk in space,

The Astrodome opened,

Richard Hickock and Perry Smith were executed for the 1959 murder of the Cluttler family, inspiring Truman Capote to write In Cold Blood,

Bob Dylan went electric and released Highway 61 Revisited

Lyndon Johnson signs legislation creating Medicare and Medicaid,

The Watts riots take place in Los Angeles,

The Beatles performed at Shea Stadium

After 55 years, Casey Stengel retired as a professional baseball manager,

Sandy Koufax pitched a perfect game,

Hurricane Betsy landed in the United States,

My Mother the Car and Days of Our Lives premiered on NBC,

Supermarket Sweep and The Dating Game premiered on ABC,

Pope Paul VI visited the US,

Poppin’ Fresh, the Pillsbury Doughboy debuted,

Great Britain banned the death penalty,,

The total world population is just over 3.3 billion,

Rob Zombie, DJ Jazzy Jeff, Diane Lane, Brandon Lee, Dr. Dre, Paul W.S. Anderson, The Undertaker, Sarah Jessica Parker, Piers Morgan, Rodney King, Robert Downey Jr., Jon Cryer, Kevin James, Suge Knight, Owen Hart, Trent Reznor, John C. Reilly, Brooke Shields, Mick Foley, Elizabeth Hurley, Alex Winter, Connie Nielsen, Stuart Scott, Shawn Michaels, J.K. Rowling, Sam Mendes, Kyra Sedwick, Shania Twain, Charlie Sheen, Bashar al-Assad, Kyle Chandler, Scottie Pippen, Steve Kerr, Steve Coogan, Bjork, Ben Stiller, Nicholas Sparks, and Heidi Fleiss were born.

T.S. Eliot, Nat King Cole, Malcolm X, Felix Frankfurter, Stan Laurel, Amos Alonzo Stagg, Edward Murrow, Spike Jones, Judy Holliday, David O. Selznick, Adlai Stevenson, Moonlight Graham, Albert Schweitzer, Clara Bow, Dorothy Dandridge, Henry Travers, Winston Churchill, and Somerset Maugham died.

The following is my list of the top ten films released in 1965:

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